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How to pronounce letter-sounds correctly

Author: The LearningScience Team Reference Number: AA-00260 Views: 4235 Created: 06/02/2011 11:16 pm Last Updated: 06/02/2011 11:16 pm 0 Rating/ Voters


Pronouncing Letter-Sounds Correctly

The sounds of the English language are represented in written form by "graphemes". Graphemes are letters or groups of letters that represent individual sounds (or phonemes) in the language. Examples of graphemes are "ch", "e" and "igh".

ReadingSoundsā„¢ 1 Pro helps you to teach students the single letter graphemes (letter-sounds) in English. The objective in teaching students letter sounds is to enable them to successfully decode unfamiliar words by pronouncing the sounds that graphemes represent. These sounds are then "blended" together to read the word. The more closely the student's sounding out of a word resembles the word being read, the more likely the student is to successfully decode/recognise the word.

Teaching students to correctly pronounce graphemes when reading maximises the likelyhood that they will successfully decode unfamiliar words.

The first step in teaching your student letter sounds is to learn how to pronounce them correctly yourself!

The easiest way to do this is to use the letter-sound activities in ReadingSoundsā„¢ 1 Pro before trying to use them with students. Carefully practice repeating the sounds just as they are pronounced in the program.

An explanation of the pronunciations in the program may also help. The sounds that single letter graphemes make in English may be divided into two categories - voicing and duration, which may help you to remember how to pronounce them:

Voicing
Voiced Sounds("loud" sounds which involve activating the voice box)
Unvoiced Sounds ("whispered" sounds which do not involve activating the voice box)

Duration
Long Sounds (sounds which you can stretch over time, such as "ssssssss" and "lllllllllllllllllllll")
Short Sounds (sounds which you cannot stretch over time, such as "b" and "k")

The following letter-sounds are voiced, that is they are "loud" sounds, involving the voicebox:
All vowels (a, e, i, o, u)
b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, v, w, y, z

The following letter-sounds are unvoiced, that is they are "whispered" sounds, not involving the voicebox:
c, f, h, k, p, s, t, x

When pronouncing these letter-sounds, ensure you do not use your voice (they must be whispered), and that you do not add an "uh" after them. For example:
The correct pronunciation for "h" is "hhh", not "huh"
The correct pronunciation for "s" is "sss", not "suh"
The correct pronunciation for "p" is "p", not "puh"

The following letter-sounds are long, that is they should be stretched slightly when pronounced:
f, h, l, m, n, r, s, v, w, x, y, z

When pronouncing these letter-sounds, ensure you make them longer than other letter-sounds by stretching them out over time slightly. For example:
The correct pronunciation for "m" is "mmmm", not "muh"
The correct pronunciation for "l" is "llll", not "luh"
The correct pronunciation for "x" is "kssssss", not "ksuh"
 
Hope that helps!
 
 
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